GLOSSARY
CERAMIDES

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Particular class of lipids naturally present in the skin and hair.

CORNEOCYTE 

Cell on the most superficial layer of the skin (strateum corneum).

CUTANEOUS ATROPHY 

Thinning or loss of part or all of the constituent parts of the skin.****

DERMO-PIGMENTATION 

Introducing mineral pigments deep into the epidermis with one or several needles.***

DYSESTHESIA 

Decrease or increase in sensitivity.****

EMOLLIENT 

Having the quality of relaxing and softening the skin. Emollient creams are also used and recommended to nourish and care for dry skin or or atopy-prone skin.

EPIDERMIS 

External layer of skin located on the dermis, forming a protective cover against external aggressions. Its thickness varies between 0.02 mm on the face to 1-5 mm on the soles of the feet.

ERYTHEMA 

Widespread or localized redness of the skin.****

GRANULOCYTES 

Granulocytes are white blood cells which combat specific infections.****

HYDROLIPID FILM 

Protective film covering the entire surface of the skin, made up essentially of sweat, sebum, and water. Its primary function is as a defense against bacteria, while conserving the skin’s suppleness and hydration.

HYPERKERATOSIS 

Local thickening of the stratum corneum, which is the superficial layer of the epidermis.****

HYPERTROPHIC OR KELOID SCARS 

Raised scars that protrude from the surface of the skin due to excess collagen production, compensating for the loss of material.*****

HYPOPIGMENTATION  

Hypopigmentation is a drop in the melanin levels in the skin, which contributes to the loss of skin colour.*

KERATIN 

Protein found in the superficial cells of the epidermis and making up the majority of capillary fibers (hair, body hair and nails).

KERATINOCYTE 

Cell of the epidermis or of hair follicles, responsible for the synthesis of keratin.

LIPID-RESTORING BALM 

Restores the appropriate levels of lipids.**

NAIL MATRIX 

Matrix at the base of the fingernail or toenail which produces keratin. The matrix produces the nail plate.

APPLYING A CREAM “OCCLUSIVELY” 

Underneath a bandage.*

PARABEN 

Parabens come from the condensation of para-hydroxybenzoic acid with alcohol. These esters are primarily used for antibacterial and anti-fungal properties.

PILOSEBACEOUS FOLLICLE 

Combination of the hair (hair follicle) and the sebaceous gland that produces sebum.****

PRURITUS 

Disorder of the skin nerves that causes itching, due to a skin condition or a general pathology.****

RADIODERMATITIS 

Skin lesions resulting from ionizing radiation (radiation therapy).

SEBACEOUS GLAND 

Skin appendage responsible for producing sebum.

SEBUM 

Oily material produced by the sebaceous glands associated with the hair follicles. Naturally lubricates the hair and body hair and actively participates in the skin’s barrier function.

STRATUM CORNEUM 

Most superficial layer of the epidermis, in direct contact with the external environment and providing the skin’s barrier function.

SWEAT GLAND 

Skin appendage responsible for producing sweat.

SYNDET 

Syndets (SYNthetic DETergent) are cleansing products that do not contain soap. They are made from synthetic cleaning agents, unlike ordinary soap. They are available in solid (dermatological bar) or liquid forms.* (H)

TAXANES 

Taxanes are substances which are mainly used in chemotherapy to treat cancer, in particular breast, lung and ovarian cancer.*

TELANGIECTASIA 

Dilated vessels of the superficial dermis.****

* Santé Médecine.net glossary
** Larousse Dictionary
***Société Française de Dermatologie glossary
****Vulgaris Medical glossary
***** https://www.chu-rouen.fr/

TRUE
OR FALSE

YOU HANDS AND FEET CAN GET
DRY FASTER DURING CANCER TREATMENT.

TRUE

Your hands, feet, and lips require special attention and care. As they have few sebaceous glands, they have fewer protective oils. This means that they tend to dry out faster, especially when they are faced with multiple environmental aggressions or a heavy cancer protocole. The skin may thicken, crack, and feel sore. You need to nourish and protect them with a cream like Cicaplast Baume B5.
Learn More

SUN IS GOOD FOR YOU IF YOU'RE
UNDERGOING A CANCER TREATMENT.

FALSE

Some cancer treatments cause the skin to be more sensitive to sunlight. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation puts you at risk for very intense sunburns, so it is generally advised to avoid any sun exposure. You should be even more careful if you are undergoing radiation therapy, as chronic radiodermatitis may occur, in some cases even several years after your treatment.
Learn More

THE LA ROCHE-POSAY'S THERMAL SPRING WATER
HAS MAGICAL POWERS.

TRUE

Well kind of. La Roche-Posay's "velvet water" has been recognized for its anti-inflammatory, healing and soothing properties.
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HAIR LOSS IS ACTUALLY A SIGN THAT YOUR
CANCER TREATMENT IS WORKING.

TRUE

One of the most dreaded side effects, hair loss is also a sign that the treatment is working: by introducing a toxic product in the blood, chemotherapy destroys rapidly-multiplying cells, such as cancer cells, but also some healthy cells such as those in hair follicles. This is why hair and body hair are often the first affected.
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