BABIES'
AND CHILDREN'S ECZEMA

Since atopic eczema tends to affect babies and small children - often causing a great deal of distress - it’s important parents understand the simple steps that can help lead to happier days and more restful nights for all the family.

YOUR QUESTIONS
OUR ANSWERS

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What causes eczema in babies?

Eczema is a hereditary condition that runs in families. The skin does not produce enough oily substances to protect itself, leaving it vulnerable and open to attack from allergens and irritants. This causes the skin to lose water, becoming dry and itchy, often on the cheeks, chin and joints. Most children outgrow eczema by school age, but it can persist into adulthood in some cases.


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Is eczema itchy?

Yes! Itching or pruritus is one of the primary features of eczema. The skin’s surface barrier is defective, meaning allergens and irritants can penetrate deeply, causing inflammation and release of the itch molecule histamine. Dry itchy eczema can be treated with soap substitutes and twice daily emollient application using a product that rebalances skin’s friendly bacteria.

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Does eczema spread?

Eczema is not contagious and does not spread from person to person. Eczema occurs on particular areas of the body. In babies, it usually occurs on the cheeks and chin, while in older children it often affects the skin folds of the neck, elbows and knees. It is important to teach children strategies to avoid scratching eczema lesions as they can get larger and affect more of the skin.

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What does eczema look like?

In babies, eczema causes rough, flaky red patches particularly on the cheeks and chin. In older children and adults the eczema patches become located mainly on the neck and in the skin folds around the elbows, wrists and behind the knees. Eczema patches can have scratch marks and may bleed. Blisters can also form and ooze. Over time, the skin can become thickened and leathery.


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Is eczema contagious?

No! Eczema is an atopic (allergic) condition that runs in families and primarily affects babies and children. It is not possible for anyone to “catch” eczema.

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TRUE
OR FALSE

ECZEMA FLARE-UPS CAN
BE TRIGGERED BY STRESS.

TRUE

We can’t explain why,but experts have acknowledged that emotions, shock and stress can play asignificant role in triggering eczema flare-ups. However, atopic dermatitis is also known to be a genetic disorder. If stress is a trigger for you, look into stress management techniques such as mindfulness.
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CAN DIET
AGGRAVATE ECZEMA?

TRUE

Certain foods can actas eczema triggers and cause flare-ups. If you think food may be an aggravatingfactor for eczema in you or your child, see a doctor as they can run bloodtests and skin prick tests to see if you are allergic to different foods (the usualsuspects are peanuts, milk, soy, wheat,fish and egg).
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ATOPIC DERMATITIS
DISAPPEARS OVER TIME.

TRUE

Depending onthe child, atopic dermatitis can last between a few months or years. Half ofchildren with atopic eczema as babies are cured by the age of five. In some cases, atopic eczema persists into adulthood, but this is impossible to predict. Thereis no definitive cure for eczema, but it can be managed with the right treatment.
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ATOPIC DERMATITIS
CAN BE CONTAGIOUS.

FALSE

Atopic dermatitis or eczema is a genetic disease and is in no way contagious. The treatment for atopic dermatitis symptoms is based on soap substitutes, emollients and topical corticosteroids.
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ECZEMA

In the dedicated article below, we’ll talk you through a complete routine to care for newborn atopic eczema-prone skin with ultra-gentle, moisturising and soothing product recommendations. For good measure, you’ll also learn how to deal with nappy rash and irritated baby skin in general.

You’ll also find articles designed to empower your atopic eczema-prone child with top hacks to feel more in control. We’ve compiled expert tips and top product recommendations too, from how to stop itching from becoming a distraction at school, to which preventative measures to take during sports activities or hot weather to keep your child’s atopic eczema-prone skin in its comfort zone.

Did you
know?

DidYouKnow_Desktop_1

1 in 5 children have eczema. In 80% of cases, the condition resolves by itself before adulthood.

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Source: CHU Nantes, unité de cancérologie dermatologie spécialisation dermatite atopique, avril 2015  

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DEAR
READERS

The information displayed here is intended for general educational purposes only and should not in any case be a substitute for professional medical advice. You should always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any medical question.