DARK SPOTS:
WHAT ARE THEY?

duration time 3 min read

Excess melanin

Dermatologically speaking, hyperpigmentation is the development of a patch of skin which is darker than surrounding skin. It is caused by the excess volume and uneven distribution of melanin. A build-up of melanin can result in the formation of coloured marks on the skin's surface. These dark spots are mainly located on the face, neckline and the back of the hands, and are usually harmless. They are associated with skin ageing.

WHAT CAUSES THESE PIGMENTATION
DISORDERS?

Numerous causes

Several factors can be considered responsible for the appearance of brown spots.

Sun exposure
Sun spots or sun lentigos form due to direct, prolonged exposure to UV rays. They can appear with age.

Ageing
So-called age spots are common from age forty onwards. They are caused by oxidative stress and changes in the skin's and the melanocytes’ metabolism.

Hormones
Contraceptive pills and certain medicines which affect the body's hormonal balance can cause dark spots to form after exposure to the sun. Hormone activity can also lead to the appearance of pregnancy mask, which affects certain pregnant women (before and/or after the birth).

HOW DO DARK SPOTS
DEVELOP?

A major advance in the understanding of dark spots and their impact on the quality of the complexion

Thanks to an ambitious research project, L’Oréal Laboratories have found new evidence confirming that dark spots do not solely originate at the epidermal surface. Over the course of their life cycle - from melanin production to their appearance at the skin’s surface - changes within the melanotope (the melanocyte environment) also contribute to their development.

Signs of an uneven complexion - Nascent dark spots
Dark spots originate from and in melanocytes, pigment-producing cells in the basal layer of the epidermis. These cells react to stimuli by producing too much melanin. These excess melanin deposits gradually begin to rise up within the epidermis and to alter the uniformity of the skin, but remain invisible until they reach the skin’s surface.

Loss of skin uniformity - Established dark spots
Deposits of excess melanin arrive at the upper epidermal layers.
The dark spots become established on-surface and are thus visible.

Long-term alteration of the skin's uniformity - Recurrent dark spots
It is possible to reduce dark spots at the epidermal surface. However, the melanocytes responsible for their appearance remain overactive.

The melanotope - within the epidermis but most importantly the dermis and the dermo-epidermal junction - remains abnormal (chronic epidermal micro-inflammation, modification of the dermal matrix).

As a result, dark spots will reappear and once again impact the quality of the complexion.

PRACTICAL
ADVICE

This discovery confirms that dark spots are not all about the melanocytes. Both the melanocyte and its melanotope play key roles in the formation, persistence and reappearance of pigment spots. To offer optimum efficacy, a re-unifying skincare product must have a comprehensive approach.

HOW CAN WE CORRECT DARK SPOTS
AND EVEN OUT THE COMPLEXION?

A comprehensive approach to skincare?

PIGMENTCLAR SERUM is an intensive, re-uniforming anti-dark spot corrector. This serum not only benefits from the potent PIGMENTCLAR anti-dark spot complex, whose efficacy has been proven in the correction of pigmentation disorders on the face and on lentigos, it also has a very high concentration of LHA* which is ideal for correcting dark spots without damaging sensitive skin. Even after ceasing use of the serum, its anti-dark spot efficacy** leaves the skin even and radiant.

* Among La Roche-Posay's current products.

** Serum anti-dark spot efficacy maintained for up to 3 weeks after use cessation (12 weeks' use) Cosmeto-clinical study on 31 subjects.

PRACTICAL
ADVICE

An even, radiant eye area is also essential for a glowing complexion. PIGMENTCLAR EYES corrects both brown and blue under-eye circles. Concentrated in caffeine, a decongestant, and PIGMENTCLAR complex, this corrector targets both blue under-eye circles caused by the slow-down in microcirculation in the periocular area, and brown under-eye circles, caused by the excess production of melanin in the eye area.

The gentle, creamy texture, enriched with light-reflecting pigments, together with the refreshing metal applicator, brightens and refreshes the eye area.

TRUE
OR FALSE

RETINOL IS THE MOLECULE
ALLY FOR SENSITIVE SKIN.

TRUE

A precursor of pure vitamin A, it acts both on the surface and deep down to smooth and even out the complexion and visibly reduce the depth of wrinkles.Its plus point? Its strong soothing properties on clinical signs of aging make it an anti-aging ally of choice.
Learn More

YOUR DIET HAS NOTHING
TO DO WITH HOW YOUR SKIN AGES.

FALSE

Eating a balanced diet full of antioxidants (berries, apples, brocoli etc.), essential fatty acides and trace elements and leaving a healthy lifestyle actually helps your skin looking young.
Learn More

CLEANSING IS KEY IN E
YOUR ANTI-AGEING RITUAL.

TRUE

Cleansing removes not only make-up but all impurities accumulated throughout the day, such as pollution, sebum, sweat. Skincare products are most effective on clean skin. Without this crucial step, impurities would clog the pores and suffocate the skin, preventing the active ingredients contained in your skincare product from doing their job.
Learn More

TIREDNESS CAN SHOW
ON THE SKIN AROUND YOUR EYES.

TRUE

With tiredness or age, blood and lymph microcirculation around the eyes may slow. The very thin skin around the eye contour readily reveals the marks of poor vascularization or inadequate lymph drainage. This is what provokes the appearance of signs of tiredness, such as shadows or puffiness.
Learn More

THE SUN IS YOUR
SKIN'S BEST FRIENEMY.

TRUE

Multiple environmental aging factors stem from the very energy source that gives us light and life: the sun. The effects of UVB have been known for decades: sunburn and skindamage. But UVB is just one facet of sun-induced aging. Present all year round, even in cloudy weather, UVA and infrared rays penetrate deep within the skin, degrading its essential building blocks.
Learn More

WE HAVE ALSO
A RANGE FOR THAT

PIGMENTCLAR range offers cutting-edge products to help fading ingrained dark spots and even out the complexion.
  • LaRochePosayAntiAgingSerumPigmentclarAntiDarkSpotConcentrateIntensive3
    Anti-Dark Spots
    Intensive Concentrate Serum
    long Lasting Efficacy
    Sensitive Skin
    PIGMENTCLAR
    SERUM
    Check it out
  • La Roche Posay ProductPage Anti Aging Eye Cream Pigmentclar Anti Circl
    Anti-Dark Circles
    Brightening
    Corrector Sensitive Eyes
    PIGMENTCLAR
    EYES
    Check it out

OUR SAFETY
COMMITMENTS

Safety standards beyond international cosmetics regulations.

laroche posay safety commitment product allergy tested model close up

100% PRODUCTS
ALLERGY TESTED

See More
One Prerequisite = Zero Allergic reactions
If we detect a single case, we go back to the labs and reformulate
laroche posay safety commitment essential active dose product head

JUST THE ESSENTIAL,
AT THE RIGHT ACTIVE DOSE

See More
Developed in collaboration with dermatologist and toxicologist, our products contain only the necessary ingredients, at the right active dose.
laroche posay safety commitment sensitive skin model baby

TESTED
ON VERY SENSITIVE
 SKIN

See More
Our products' tolerance is verified on the most sensitive skin: reactive, allergic, acne-prone, atopic, damaged or weakened by cancer treatments.
laroche posay safety commitment formula protection product head

FORMULA PROTECTION
OVER TIME

See More
We select the most protective packaging associated with only the necessary preservatives, to guarantee intact tolerance and efficacy over time.