HOW
DOES AGEING OCCUR?

duration time 2 min read

Sun exposure

The skin ages when it is hit by UV rays.These rays release their energy into the skin, producing very harmful “free radicals”. This oxidation alters the skin’s cells and fibres. Cigarette smoke, alcohol and pollution are also aggravating factors. With age, the collagen fibres undergo glycation (action of sugars on proteins), making them rigid. In women, the menopause also speeds up the ageing process.


Oxidative stress weakens the cells

Oxidative stress can weaken the cells. Our environment, pollution, solar radiation and cigarette smoke generate free radicals in the skin which can be destructive with varying degrees of severity. Proteins (collagen, elastane), cellular membrane lipids and DNA can be damaged causing disorders that can range from premature ageing to cancer. We therefore need to protect ourselves against them.

WHAT ADVICE DO YOU GIVE
YOUR PATIENTS?

Prevention is important: I advise them to moderate their sun exposure.

I recommend they use a broad-spectrum sun screen on their face like Anthelios, which protects the skin against UVAs. I talk about the benefits of stopping smoking. I encourage them to eat a healthy diet, rich in fruits and vegetables, to help fight free radicals. This advice is even more effective when followed before the first visible signs of ageing appear.

WHAT COSMETICS
DO YOU RECOMMEND?

Daily moisturization of the skin is essential.

Depending on skin type and age, I recommend creams that contain antioxidant active ingredients that fight free radicals. They contain fruit acids, vitamin C or retinol. There are also creams that fight glycation to delay ageing. For women who are often outside, I recommend they use a day cream with a sunscreen from spring onwards.

Avoiding oxidative stress thanks to antioxidant

The application of antioxidant and/or antiradical products on the skin may be recommended. These antioxidants and antiradicals are either molecular (e.g. vitamin C, vitamin E, polyphenols, etc.) or enzymatic (SOD, GPx.SH, Catalase, etc.) or in the form of trace elements (selenium, copper, zinc, etc.). Solar radiation – particularly UVAs – received daily play a major role in the ageing process, particularly in the production of free radicals. Daily treatments integrating a sunscreen are therefore strongly recommended.

TRUE
OR FALSE

RETINOL IS THE MOLECULE
ALLY FOR SENSITIVE SKIN.

TRUE

A precursor of pure vitamin A, it acts both on the surface and deep down to smooth and even out the complexion and visibly reduce the depth of wrinkles.Its plus point? Its strong soothing properties on clinical signs of aging make it an anti-aging ally of choice.
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YOUR DIET HAS NOTHING TO
DO WITH HOW YOUR SKIN AGES.

FALSE

Eating a balanced diet full of antioxidants (berries, apples, brocoli etc.), essential fatty acides and trace elements and leaving a healthy lifestyle actually helps your skin looking young.
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CLEANSING IS KEY IN E
YOUR ANTI-AGEING RITUAL.

TRUE

Cleansing removes not only make-up but all impurities accumulated throughout the day, such as pollution, sebum, sweat. Skincare products are most effective on clean skin. Without this crucial step, impurities would clog the pores and suffocate the skin, preventing the active ingredients contained in your skincare product from doing their job.
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TIREDNESS CAN SHOW ON
THE SKIN AROUND YOUR EYES.

TRUE

With tiredness or age, blood and lymph microcirculation around the eyes may slow. The very thin skin around the eye contour readily reveals the marks of poor vascularization or inadequate lymph drainage. This is what provokes the appearance of signs of tiredness, such as shadows or puffiness.
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THE SUN IS YOUR
SKIN'S BEST FRIENEMY. .

TRUE

Multiple environmental aging factors stem from the very energy source that gives us light and life: the sun. The effects of UVB have been known for decades: sunburn and skindamage. But UVB is just one facet of sun-induced aging. Present all year round, even in cloudy weather, UVA and infrared rays penetrate deep within the skin, degrading its essential building blocks.
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